Pesticide News - February 5, 2020
Cecil Tharp, MSU Pesticide Education Specialist
Industrial hemp, Cannabis sativa L., was removed from the list of controlled substances and legalized through the 2018 Farm Bill if the THC content is less than 0.3%. Hemp production is now legal in 47 states with Montana ranked number one in the nation with 45,000 planted acres reported in 2019, followed by Colorado with 21,000 acres and Kentucky with 19,000 acres. Though this crop thrives in Montana, there has been confusion regarding the legal use of pesticides which vary from state to state. This alert is designed to assist producers/ag leaders in understanding the policies governing pesticides and hemp, as well as the pesticides which are now legal to use on hemp in Montana.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires all pesticides sold or distributed in the United States to be registered according to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). This could be through many means, but for now, in Montana, we have ten products which fall under FIFRA Section 3, which is the main registration process, and two products falling under FIFRA Section 25(b), also known as minimum risk pesticides.
FIFRA Section 3
The conventional registration of pesticides by EPA falls under FIFRA Section 3 and takes many years and millions of dollars to obtain the necessary data. Data includes risk assessments, establishment of an acceptable maximum residue level (MRL) in food crops, label directions, ecological testing, etc. Since hemp has recently been legalized there are very few pesticides registered using this conventional process. EPA has approved of ten pesticides which may be used on hemp for food/non-food purposes and they are registered in Montana (Table 1).
Minimum Risk Pesticides – 25(b)
The EPA has determined that certain "minimum risk pesticide active and inert ingredients" pose little to no risk to human health or the environment. If classified as minimum risk, then products wholly containing these ingredients are exempt from the FIFRA registration process. They are often referred to as 25(b) products as they are exempt under FIFRA Section 25(b). Minimum risk ingredients are automatically approved federally for use on all non-food sites, however if used on a food site the ingredients must have Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) or MRL exemption established by the EPA. MRL’s are the maximum level of pesticide residue that is acceptable on food. See the guidance document on pest management in hemp that lists all 25(b) active ingredients which may easily be used on hemp for food or non-food purposes in Montana if the manufacturer sends a request to the Montana Department of Agriculture (MDA). At present only two fungicides can legally be used on hemp as a 25(b) in Montana:
- Fungout (AEF Global, Inc.); Citric Acid
- Custos (D2Bio); Garlic Oil, Peppermint, Rosemary Oil
Send the pesticide manufacturer a request if you think their 25(b) pesticide product would be an excellent fit for use on hemp in Montana. For more information see the EPA minimum risk website.
|Product Name||EPA Reg. #||Active Ingredients||Type|
|General Hydroponics Exile||91865-2||
Potassium salts of fatty acids
Insecticide, Fungicide, Miticide
|Debug Turbo||70310-5||Azadirachtin & Neem Oil||Insecticide, Fungicide, Miticide|
|Debug Optimo||70310-7||Azardirachtin & Neem Oil||Insecticide, Fungicide, Miticide|
|Debug Tres||70310-8||Azardirachtin & Neem Oil||Insecticide, Fungicide, Miticide|
|Insecticide, Fungicide, Miticide|
|Regalia Biofungicide||84059-3||Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis||Fungicide|
|Regalia Rx||84059-3||Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis||Fungicide|
|Regalia CG||84059-3||Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis||Fungicide|
|Stargus Biofungicide||84059-28||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens F727||Fungicide, Bactericide|
|Amplitude||84059-28||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens F727||Fungicide, Bactericide|
|Amplitude ST||84059-28||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens F727||Fungicide, Bacerticide|
|General Hydroponics Prevasyn||91865-1||Soybean oil, Garlic oli, Capsicum Oleoresion||Insecticide|
|General Hydroponics Prevasyn Insecticide 2||91865-1||Soybean oil, Garlic oli, Capsicum Oleoresion||Insecticide|
|General Hydroponics Defguard||91865-3||Bacillus amyloliquefaciens D747||Fungicide, Bactericide|
|Azamax Botanical||91865-4||Azardirachtin||Insecticide, Miticides, Nematicide|
|Exponent Insecticide Synergist||1021-1511||Piperonyl butoxide||Insecticide|
|Synerpro PBO Insecticide||53883-258||Piperonyl butoxide||Insecticide|
|PBO-8 Synergist||89459-33||Piperonyl butoxide||Insecticide|
|Green Gobbler 20% Vinegar Weed Killer||85208-1-93489||Acetic Acid||Herbicide|
|Harris 20% Vinegar Weed Killer||85208-1-3||Acetic Acid||Herbicide|
|Natures Wisdom 20% Vinegar Herbicide||85208-1-90394||Acetic Acid||Herbicide|
|Caron Defense||84846-1||Potassium silicate||Fungicide|
The legal use of pesticide products in this news release does not convey to medical marijuana growers wishing to manage pest problems. There are currently no legal pesticides for use on medical grade marijuana in Montana due to the current classification as a schedule 1 drug by the United States DEA.
For More Information
For updated information regarding legally approved hemp pesticide products in Montana contact the MDA Pesticide Registration Specialist (Jerin Borrego, 406-444-5471, firstname.lastname@example.org), or search the MDA registration database. Contact the MSU Pesticide Education Specialist (Cecil Tharp, 406-994-5067, email@example.com) for other questions related to this news release. Individuals may wish to view EPA fact-sheets which detail approved 25(b) active and 25(b) inert ingredients for food and nonfood purposes.